Basis of Presentation, Operations and Liquidity, and Significant Accounting Policies
|12 Months Ended|
Jan. 29, 2023
|Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]|
|Basis of Presentation, and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||Basis of Presentation, and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Nature of Operations
The Lovesac Company (the “Company”, “we”, “us” or “our”)is a technology driven company that designs, manufactures and sells unique, high quality furniture derived through its proprietary "Designed for Life" approach which results in products that are built to last a lifetime and designed to evolve as our customers’ lives do. The Company markets and sells its products through modern and efficient showrooms and, increasingly, through online sales directly at www.lovesac.com, supported by direct-to-consumer touch-feel points in the form of our own showrooms, which include our newly created mobile concierge and kiosks, as well as through shop-in-shops and online pop-up-shops with third party retailers. As of January 29, 2023, the Company operated 195 showrooms including kiosks and mobile concierges located throughout the United States. The Company was formed as a Delaware corporation on January 3, 2017, in connection with a corporate reorganization with SAC Acquisition LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“SAC LLC”), the predecessor entity to the Company.
Basis of Presentation
The financial statements of the Company as of January 29, 2023 and January 30, 2022 and for the years ended January 29, 2023, January 30, 2022 and January 31, 2021 have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission.
The Company’s fiscal year is determined on a 52/53 week basis ending on the Sunday closest to February 1. Hereinafter, fiscal years ended January 29, 2023, January 30, 2022 and January 31, 2021 are referred to as fiscal 2023, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Fiscal 2023, 2022 and 2021 were 52-week fiscal years.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, revenues and expenses and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. The Company evaluates its estimates and judgements on an ongoing basis based on historical experience, expectations of future events and various other factors we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances and revise them when necessary in the period the change is determined. Actual results may differ from the original or revised estimates.
Our revenue consists substantially of product sales. The Company reports product sales net of discounts and recognized at a point in time when control transfers to the customer, which occurs when products are shipped. The Company excludes from the measurement of the transaction price all taxes assessed by governmental authorities collected from a customer, including sales, use, excise, value-added, and franchise taxes (collectively referred to as sales taxes). The Company applies the practical expedient for contracts with duration of one year or less and therefore does not consider the effects of the time value of money.
Shipping and handling charges billed to customers are included in revenue. The Company recognizes shipping and handling expense as fulfillment activities (rather than a promised good or service) when the activities are performed. Accordingly, the Company records the expenses for shipping and handling activities at the same time the Company recognizes revenue. Shipping and handling costs incurred are included in cost of merchandise sold and include inbound
freight and tariff costs relative to inventory sold, warehousing, and last mile shipping to our customers. Shipping and handling costs were $158.0 million in fiscal 2023, $112.8 million in fiscal 2022, and $63.1 million in fiscal 2021.
Estimated refunds for returns are recorded using our historical return patterns, adjusting for any changes in returns policies and current product performance. The Company records estimated refunds for net sales returns on a monthly basis as a reduction of net sales and cost of sales on the statement of operations and an increase in inventory and customers return liability on the balance sheet. As of January 29, 2023 and January 30, 2022, we recorded a return liability of $4.5 million and $2.0 million within accrued expenses, and a corresponding asset for the net realizable value of inventory to be returned for $1.0 million and $0.4 million, respectively, in merchandise inventories on our Balance Sheet.
In some cases, deposits are received before the Company transfers control, resulting in the recognition of contract liabilities, reported as customer deposits on our Balance Sheet. As of January 29, 2023, and January 30, 2022, the Company recorded customer deposit liabilities the amount of $6.8 million and $13.3 million, respectively. During the years ended January 29, 2023, and January 30, 2022, the Company recognized $13.3 million and $6.0 million related to customer deposits from fiscal 2022 and 2021.
The Company offers its products through showrooms and through the Internet. The other channel predominantly represents sales through the use of online and in store pop-up shops, shop-in-shops, and barter inventory transactions. In store pop-up-shops are staffed with associates trained to demonstrate and sell our product. The following represents sales disaggregated by channel:
The Company has no foreign operations and its sales to foreign countries was less than .01% of total net sales in fiscal 2023, 2022, and 2021.
The Company had no customers in fiscal 2023, 2022, or 2021 that comprise more than 10% of total net sales. See Note 11. Segment Information for net sales disaggregated by product.
The Company has a bartering arrangement with a third-party vendor. The Company repurposes returned open-box inventory in exchange for media credits, which are being used to support our advertising initiatives to create brand awareness and drive net sales growth. Barter transactions with commercial substance are recorded at a transaction price based on the estimated fair value of the non-cash consideration of the media credits to be received and the revenue is recognized when control of inventory is transferred, which is when the inventory is picked up in our warehouse. Fair value is estimated using various considerations, including the cost of similar media advertising if transacted directly, the expected sales price of product given up in exchange for the media credits, and the expected usage of media credits prior to expiration based on a marketing spend forecast. The Company recognizes an asset for media credits which is subsequently evaluated for impairment at each reporting period for any changes in circumstances. As the barter credits are expected to be utilized at various dates through their expiration dates, the Company will classify the amount expected to be utilized in the next fiscal year as current, which is included in Prepaid and Other Current Assets, with the remaining balance included as part of Other Assets on the balance sheet.
For the year ended January 29, 2023, and January 30, 2022, the Company recognized $21.3 million and $3.5 million, respectively, of barter sales in exchange for media credits. The Company had $25.2 million and $3.4 million of unused
media credits as of January 29, 2023, and January 30, 2022, respectively, and did not recognize any impairment. The difference between the opening and closing balances of the Company's prepaid barter credit primarily results from the inventory exchanged for media credits during the period, offset by utilization of those credits.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
The Company considers all highly liquid investments with a maturity at purchase of three months or less to be cash equivalents. The Company has deposits with financial institutions that maintain Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation “FDIC” deposit insurance up to $250,000 per depositor. The portion of the deposit in excess of this limit represents a credit risk to the Company. Due to the high cash balance maintained by the Company, the Company does maintain depository balances in excess of the insured amounts.
Trade Accounts Receivable, net
Trade accounts receivable are stated at their estimated realizable amount and do not bear interest for which collectability is reasonably assured. Management determines the allowance for doubtful accounts by regularly evaluating individual customer accounts, considering the customer’s financial condition, and credit history, and general and industry current economic conditions. Trade accounts receivables are evaluated for collectability on a regular basis and an allowance is recorded, if necessary. Recoveries of amounts previously written off are recorded when received. Historically, collection losses have been immaterial as a significant portion of the Company’s receivables are related to individual credit card transactions and two wholesale customers. The Company recognized $0.4 million related to bad debt write-offs for fiscal 2023, and 2022, and recognized $0.8 million for fiscal 2021, respectively.
Breakdown of trade accounts receivable is as follows:
The Company had two wholesale customers that comprised 100% of wholesale receivables at January 29, 2023 and January 30, 2022, respectively.
Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets
The Company recognizes payments made for goods and services to be received in the near future as prepaid expenses and other current assets. Prepaid expenses and other current assets consist primarily of payments related to insurance premiums, deposits, prepaid rent, prepaid inventory, and other costs.
Merchandise Inventories, net
Merchandise inventories are comprised of finished goods which are carried at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost is determined on a weighted-average method basis. Merchandise inventories consist primarily of foam filled furniture, sectional couches, and related accessories. The Company adjusts its inventory for obsolescence based on historical trends, aging reports, specific identification and its estimates of future retail sales prices. In addition, the Company includes capitalized freight and warehousing costs in inventory relative to the finished goods in inventory.
Gift Certificates and Merchandise Credits
The Company sells gift certificates and issues merchandise credits to its customers in the showrooms and through its website. Revenue associated with gift certificates and merchandise credits is deferred until redemption of the gift certificate
and merchandise credits. The Company did not recognize any breakage revenue in fiscal 2023, fiscal 2022 or fiscal 2021 as the Company continues to honor all outstanding gift certificates.
Property and Equipment, net
Property and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and amortization. Office and showroom furniture and equipment, software and vehicles are depreciated using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives. Leasehold improvements are amortized using the straight-line method over their expected useful lives or lease term, whichever is shorter.
Expenditures for repairs and maintenance are charged to expense as incurred. For assets sold or otherwise disposed of, the cost and related accumulated depreciation or amortization is removed from the accounts, and any resulting gain or loss is reflected in operations for the period. The disposals generally relate to the decommissioning of aged assets, remodeled showrooms, and fixtures used during pop-up-shops. Expenditures for major betterments that extend the useful lives of property and equipment are capitalized.
Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the identified net assets of each business acquired. Goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets are tested annually for impairment in the fourth fiscal quarter and in interim periods if certain events occur indicating that the carrying amounts may be impaired. If a qualitative assessment is used and the Company determines that the fair value of a reporting unit or indefinite-lived intangible asset is more likely than not (i.e., a likelihood of more than 50%) less than its carrying amount, a quantitative impairment test will be performed. If goodwill is quantitatively assessed for impairment, a two-step approach is applied. There were no impairments during fiscal 2023, 2022, or 2021.
Intangible Assets, net
Intangible assets with finite useful lives, including patents, trademarks, and other intangible assets are being amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated lives of 10 years, 3 years, and 5 years, respectively. Intangible assets with finite useful lives are reviewed for impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the asset might not be recovered. There were no impairments during fiscal 2023, 2022, or 2021.
Impairment of Long Lived Assets
Our long-lived assets consist of property and equipment and right-of-use assets from leases. Property and equipment includes leasehold improvements, and other tangible assets. Long-lived assets are reviewed for potential impairment at such time that events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset might not be recovered. We evaluate for impairment at the individual showroom level, which is the lowest level at which individual cash flows can be identified. When evaluating long-lived assets for potential impairment, we will first compare the carrying amount of the assets to the future undiscounted cash flows for the respective long-lived asset. If the estimated future cash flows are less than the carrying amounts of the assets, an impairment loss is measured as the excess of the carrying value over its fair value. We estimate fair value based on future discounted cash flow based on our historical operations of the showroom and estimates of future showroom profitability and economic conditions. These estimates include factors such as sales growth, gross margin, employment costs, lease escalation, and overall macroeconomic conditions, and are therefore subject to variability. Actual future results may differ from those estimates. If required, an impairment loss is recorded for that portion of the assets' carrying value in excess of fair value.
In fiscal 2023, the Company did not recognize any impairment charges associated with showroom-level right of use lease assets. During fiscals 2022 and 2021, the Company recorded impairment charges of $0.6 million and $0.2 million, respectively, associated with the assets of an underperforming retail locations. The impairments were recorded in selling, general and administrative in the Company’s Statements of Operations.
Depending on the type of merchandise, the Company offers either a three-year limited warranty or a lifetime warranty. The Company’s warranties require it to repair or replace defective products at no cost to the customer. At the time product revenue is recognized, the Company reserves for estimated future costs that may be incurred under its warranties based on historical experience. The Company periodically reviews the adequacy of its recorded warranty liability. Product warranty expense, without any reserve adjustments, was approximately $0.7 million, $0.5 million, and $0.7 million in fiscal 2023, 2022, and 2021. The increase in fiscal 2023 is related to an increase in warranty claims related to an increase in net sales. Warranty reserve was $0.7 million as of January 29, 2023 and January 30, 2022.
The Company adopted Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No.2016-02, Leases (ASC 842) during fiscal 2022. The Company leases its office, warehouse facilities and retail showrooms under operating lease agreements which expire at various dates through January 2034. Leases with an initial term of twelve months or less are not recorded on the balance sheet and are expensed on a straight-line basis over the lease term in the Statements of Operations.
The Company determines if a contract contains a lease at inception based on our right to control the use of an identified asset and our right to obtain substantially all of the economic benefits from the use of that identified asset. Operating right-of-use assets represents the right to use an underlying asset pursuant to the lease for the lease term, and lease liabilities represent the obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease, both of which are recognized based on the present value of future minimum lease payments over the lease term at the commencement date, Certain adjustments to the right-of-use asset may be required for items such as initial direct costs paid or incentives received. We combine lease and non-lease components for our showroom real estate leases in determining the lease payments subject to the initial present value calculation.
The lease payments are discounted at the Company's incremental borrowing rate as the implicit rate in the lease is not readily determinable for most of the Company's leases, which is the rate incurred to borrow on a collateralized basis over a similar term an amount equal to the lease payments in a similar economic environment. We determine incremental borrowing rates as of the first day of each fiscal year and analyze changes in interest rates and the Company's credit profile to determine if the rates need to be updated during the fiscal year.
We recognize operating lease cost over the estimated term of the lease, which includes options to extend lease terms that are reasonably certain of being exercised, starting when possession of the property is taken from the landlord, which normally includes a construction period prior to the showroom opening. When a lease contains a predetermined fixed escalation of the fixed rent, we recognize the related operating lease cost on a straight-line basis over the lease term. In addition, certain of our lease agreements include variable lease payments, such as payments based on a percentage of net sales that are in excess of a predetermined level and/or increases based on a change in the consumer price index or fair market value. These variable lease payments are excluded from minimum lease payments and are included in the determination of net lease cost when it is probable that the expense has been incurred and the amount can be reasonably estimated. If an operating lease asset is impaired, the remaining operating lease asset will be amortized on a straight-line basis over the remaining lease term.
Fair Value Measurements
The carrying amount of the Company’s financial instruments classified as current assets and current liabilities approximate fair values based on the short-term nature of the accounts.
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
Selling, general and administrative expenses include all operating costs, other than advertising and marketing expense, not included in cost of merchandise sold. These expenses include all payroll and payroll-related expenses; showroom expenses, including occupancy costs related to showroom operations, such as rent and common area maintenance; occupancy and expenses related to many of our operations at our headquarters, including utilities, equity based compensation, financing
related expenses and public company expenses; and credit card transaction fees. Selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of net sales is usually higher in lower volume quarters and lower in higher volume quarters because a significant portion of the costs are relatively fixed.
Employee Benefit Plan
In February 2017, the Company established the The Lovesac Company 401(k) Plan (the “401(k) Plan”) with elective deferrals beginning May 1, 2017. The 401(k) Plan calls for elective deferral contributions, safe harbor matching contributions and profit sharing contributions. All employees of the Company will be eligible to participate in the 401(k) Plan in the month following one (1) month of service and the employee is over age 21. Participants are able to contribute up to 100% of their eligible compensation to the 401(k) Plan subject to limitations with the IRS. Employer contributions to the 401(k) Plan for fiscal 2023, fiscal 2022, and fiscal 2021 were approximately $1.3 million, $0.8 million, and $0.5 million, respectively.
Advertising and Marketing Expenses
Advertising and marketing expense include digital, social, and traditional advertising and marketing initiatives, that cover all of our business channels. All advertising costs are expensed as incurred, or upon the release of the initial advertisement. Total advertising expenses were $79.9 million, $65.1 million, and $41.9 million in fiscal 2023, fiscal 2022, and fiscal 2021, respectively.
Showroom Preopening and Closing Costs
Non-capital expenditures incurred in preparation for opening new retail showrooms are expensed as incurred and included in selling, general and administrative expenses.
The Company continually evaluates the profitability of its showrooms. When the Company closes or relocates a showroom, the Company incurs unrecoverable costs, including the net book value of abandoned fixtures and leasehold improvements, lease termination payments, costs to transfer inventory and usable fixtures and other costs of vacating the leased location. Such costs are expensed as incurred and are included in selling, general and administrative expenses.
The Company adopted the 2017 Equity Plan which provides for awards in the form of options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock awards, restricted stock units, performance shares, performance units, cash-based awards and other stock-based awards. All awards shall be granted within 10 years from the effective date of the 2017 Equity Plan. Vesting is typically over a or four-year period and is contingent upon continued employment with the Company on each vesting date.
The fair value of the restricted stock units is determined based on the closing price of the Company's common stock on the grant date and the expense is recognized over the service period. For performance based restricted stock units, the number of units received will depend on the achievement of financial metrics relative to the approved performance targets. For performance based restricted stock units, stock-based compensation expense is recognized based on expected achievement of performance targets. The Company recognizes forfeitures as they occur.
The Company accounts for uncertainty in income taxes using a two-step approach to recognize and measure uncertain tax positions. The first step is to evaluate the tax position for recognition by determining if the weight of available evidence indicates that it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained on audit, including resolution of related appeals or litigation processes, if any. The second step is to measure the tax benefit as the largest amount that is more than 50% likely of being realized upon settlement. The Company classifies the liability for unrecognized tax benefits as current to the extent that the Company anticipates payment (or receipt) of cash within one year. Interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions are recognized in the provision for income taxes.
Deferred income taxes are provided on temporary differences between the income tax basis of assets and liabilities and the amounts reported in the financial statements and on net operating loss and tax credit carry forwards.
A valuation allowance is provided for that portion of deferred income tax assets not likely to be realized. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are adjusted for the effects of changes in tax laws and rates on the date of enactment.
Basic and Diluted Net Income (Loss) Per Common Share
Basic net income (loss) per common share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net income (loss) per common share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding and common stock equivalents outstanding during the period. Diluted net income (loss) per common share includes, in periods in which they are dilutive, the effect of those potentially dilutive securities where the average market price of the common stock exceeds the exercise prices for the respective periods. In fiscal 2023, the effects of 640,256 unvested restricted stock units, and 281,750 common stock warrants were included in the diluted share calculation. The effects of 495,366 stock options were excluded in the diluted net income per common share calculation because the effects of including theses potentially dilutive shares was antidilutive.
In fiscal 2022, the effects of 533,333 unvested restricted stock units, 495,366 stock options and 281,750 common stock warrants were included in the diluted share calculation.
In fiscal 2021, the effects of 655,558 unvested restricted stock units and 293,973 common stock warrants were included in the diluted share calculation. The effects of 495,366 stock were excluded in the diluted net loss per common share calculation as the effects of including theses potentially dilutive shares was antidilutive.
Recent Accounting PronouncementsThe Company has considered all recent accounting pronouncements issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board and they were considered to be not applicable or the adoption of such pronouncements will not have a material impact on the financial statements.
The entire disclosure for the organization, consolidation and basis of presentation of financial statements disclosure, and significant accounting policies of the reporting entity. May be provided in more than one note to the financial statements, as long as users are provided with an understanding of (1) the significant judgments and assumptions made by an enterprise in determining whether it must consolidate a VIE and/or disclose information about its involvement with a VIE, (2) the nature of restrictions on a consolidated VIE's assets reported by an enterprise in its statement of financial position, including the carrying amounts of such assets, (3) the nature of, and changes in, the risks associated with an enterprise's involvement with the VIE, and (4) how an enterprise's involvement with the VIE affects the enterprise's financial position, financial performance, and cash flows. Describes procedure if disclosures are provided in more than one note to the financial statements.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef