Operations and Significant Accounting Policies
|12 Months Ended
Feb. 02, 2020
|Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]
|OPERATIONS AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
NOTE 1 - OPERATIONS AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
NATURE OF OPERATIONS AND LIQUIDITY
The Lovesac Company (the "Company") designs and sells foam filled furniture, sectional couches, and related accessories throughout the world. As of February 2, 2020, the Company operated 91 leased retail showrooms located throughout the United States. In addition, the Company operates a retail internet website and does business to business transactions through its wholesale operations. The Company was formed as a Delaware corporation on January 3, 2017, in connection with a corporate reorganization with SAC Acquisition LLC, a Delaware limited liability company ("SAC LLC"), the predecessor entity to the Company.
The Company has incurred significant operating losses and used cash in its operating activities since inception. Operating losses have resulted from inadequate sales levels for the cost structure and expenses as a result of expanding into new markets, opening new showrooms, investments into marketing and infrastructure to support increase in revenues. The Company continues to enter into new retail showrooms in larger markets to increase sales levels and invest in marketing initiatives to increase brand awareness. Of course, there can be no assurance that the anticipated sales levels will be achieved. The Company believes that based on its current sales and expense levels, projections for the next twelve months, the credit facility with Wells Fargo Bank, see Note 9, and the proceeds from the IPO and recently completed offering in May 2019, the Company will have sufficient working capital to cover operating cash needs through the twelve month period from the financial statement issuance date.
On June 22, 2018, the board of directors of the Company approved a 1-for-2.5 reverse stock split of the Company's shares of common stock. The reverse stock split became effective immediately prior to the closing of its initial public offering ("IPO"). All stock amounts included in these financial statements have been adjusted to reflect this reverse stock split.
On June 27, 2018, the Company completed its IPO, selling 4,025,000 shares of common stock at a price of $16.00 per share. Net proceeds to the Company from the offering was approximately $58.9 million after legal and underwriting expenses.
On October 29, 2018, certain selling stockholders conducted a secondary offering of 2,220,000 shares of common stock of the Company. The Company did not sell any shares or receive any proceeds from the sale of the common stock by the selling stockholders.
On May 21, 2019, the Company and certain of the Company's stockholders completed a primary and secondary public offering of an aggregate of 2,500,000 shares of common stock, which included 750,000 shares offered by the Company and 1,750,000 shares offered by certain selling stockholders of the Company, at a public offering price of $36.00 per share. Net proceeds to the Company from the offering were approximately $25.6 million after legal and underwriting expenses. On May 29, 2019, the underwriters also exercised an option to purchase up to an additional 375,000 shares of common stock from the selling stockholders. The Company did not receive any proceeds from the sale of the common stock by the selling stockholders.
Immediately prior to the follow-on offerings in October 2018 and May 2019, various investment vehicles affiliated with our equity sponsor Mistral Capital Managements, LLC ("Mistral"), which included SAC LLC, owned approximately 56% and 41% of our common stock, respectively. Immediately after the completion of the follow-on offerings, such entities owned approximately 41% and 29% of the Company's common stock, respectively. As a result, the Company is no longer a "controlled company" within the meaning of the corporate governance standards of Nasdaq, the Company may no longer rely on exemptions from corporate governance requirements that are available to controlled companies. In December 2019, SAC LLC distributed the shares of the Company's common stock to its members, which included certain affiliates of Mistral. Following the distribution by SAC LLC, Mistral and its affiliates owned approximately 19% of the Company's common stock. See Note 7.
PRINCIPLES OF CONSOLIDATION
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiary. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
The Company's fiscal year is determined on a 52/53 week basis ending on the Sunday closest to January 31st. Hereinafter, the periods from February 4, 2019 through February 2, 2020 and February 5, 2018, through February 3, 2019 are referred to as fiscal 2020 and fiscal 2019, respectively. Both fiscal 2020 and fiscal 2019 were a 52 week fiscal year.
USE OF ESTIMATES
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("US GAAP") requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Estimates and assumptions are reviewed periodically and the effects of the revisions are reflected in the period the change is determined.
The Company implemented ASU 2015-04, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Accounting Standards Codification Topic 606, "ASC 606"), in the first quarter of fiscal 2020 using modified retrospective method, which required the company to apply the new guidance retrospectively to revenue transactions completed on or after the effective date. Adopting this new standard had no material financial impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements but did result in enhanced presentation and disclosures.
Our revenue consists substantially of product sales. The Company reports product sales net of discounts and recognize them at the point in time when control transfers to the customer, which occurs when shipment is confirmed.
Estimated refunds for returns and allowances are recorded using our historical return patterns, adjusting for any changes in returns policies. The Company records estimated refunds for net sales returns on a monthly basis as a reduction of net sales and cost of sales on the statement of operations and an increase in inventory and customers returns liability on the balance sheet. As of February 2, 2020, there was a returns allowance recorded on the balance sheet in the amount $2,177,715 which was in accrued expenses and $442,390 associated with sales returns in merchandise inventories.
In some cases, deposits are received before the company transfers control, resulting in contract liabilities. These contract liabilities are reported as deposits on the Company's balance sheet. As of February 2, 2020, and February 3, 2019, the Company recorded under customer deposit liabilities the amount of $1,653,597 and $1,059,957 respectively. During fiscal year ended February 2, 2020, the Company recognized $1,059,957 related to its customer deposits from fiscal 2019.
Upon adoption of ASC 606, the Company has elected the following accounting policies and practical expedients:
The Company recognizes shipping and handling expense as fulfilment activities (rather than as a promised good or service) when the activities are performed even if those activities are performed after the control of the good has been transferred. Accordingly, the Company records the expenses for shipping and handling activities at the same time the Company recognizes revenue.
The Company excludes from the measurement of the transaction price all taxes imposed on and concurrent with a specific revenue- producing transaction and collected by the entity from a customer, including sales, use, excise, value-added, and franchise taxes (collectively referred to as sales taxes).
The Company does not adjust revenue for the effects of any financing components if the contract has a duration of one year or less, as the Company receives payment from the customer within one year from when it transferred control of the related goods.
The Company offers its products through an inventory lean omni-channel platform that provides a seamless and meaningful experience to its customers in showrooms and through the internet. The other channel predominantly represents sales through the use of pop-up shops that typically average ten days at a time and are staffed with associates trained to demonstrate and sell our product. The following represents sales disaggregated by channel:
The Company has no foreign operations and its sales to foreign countries was less than .05% of total net sales in both fiscal 2020 and 2019.
The Company had no customers in fiscal 2020 or 2019 that comprise more than 10% of total net sales.
See Note 10 for sales disaggregated by product.
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
The Company considers all highly liquid investments with a maturity at purchase of three months or less to be cash equivalents.
The Company has deposits with financial institutions that maintain Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation "FDIC" deposit insurance up to $250,000 per depositor. The portion of the deposit in excess of this limit represents a credit risk to the Company. Due to the high cash balance maintained by the Company, the Company does maintain depository balances in excess of the insured amounts.
TRADE ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE
Trade accounts receivable are carried at their estimated realizable amount and do not bear interest. Management determines the allowance for doubtful accounts by regularly evaluating individual customer accounts, considering the customer's financial condition, and credit history, and general and industry current economic conditions. Trade accounts receivable are reserved for when deemed uncollectible. Recoveries of amounts previously written off are recorded when received. Historically, collection losses have been immaterial as a significant portion of the Company's receivables are related to individual credit card transactions and one wholesale customer for which the Company has no history of collection losses. Management has concluded that an allowance was not necessary at February 2, 2020 and February 3, 2019, respectively.
Breakdown of accounts receivable is as follows:
The Company has one wholesale customer that comprised approximately 97% and 100% of wholesale receivables at February 2, 2020 and February 3, 2019, respectively.
PREPAID EXPENSES AND OTHER CURRENT ASSETS
The Company recognizes payments made for goods and services to be received in the near future as prepaid expenses and other current assets. Prepaid expenses and other current assets consist primarily of payments related to insurance premiums, catalogue costs, barter credits, deposits, prepaid rent, prepaid inventory, and other costs.
Merchandise inventories are comprised of finished goods which are carried at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost is determined on a weighted-average method basis. Merchandise inventories consist primarily of foam filled furniture, sectional couches, and related accessories. The Company adjusts its inventory for obsolescence based on historical trends, aging reports, specific identification and its estimates of future retail sales prices. In addition, the Company includes capitalized freight and warehousing costs in inventory relative to the finished goods in inventory.
GIFT CERTIFICATES AND MERCHANDISE CREDITS
The Company sells gift certificates and issues merchandise credits to its customers in the showrooms and through its website. Revenue associated with gift certificates and merchandise credits is deferred until redemption of the gift certificate and merchandise credits. The Company did not recognize any breakage revenue in fiscal 2020 or fiscal 2019 as the Company continues to honor all outstanding gift certificates.
PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, NET
Property and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and amortization. Office and showroom furniture and equipment, software and vehicles are depreciated using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives. Leasehold improvements are amortized using the straight-line method over their expected useful lives or lease term, whichever is shorter.
Expenditures for repairs and maintenance are charged to expense as incurred. For assets sold or otherwise disposed of, the cost and related accumulated depreciation or amortization is removed from the accounts, and any resulting gain or loss is reflected in operations for the period. Expenditures for major betterments that extend the useful lives of property and equipment are capitalized.
Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the identified net assets of each business acquired. Goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets are tested annually for impairment in the fourth fiscal quarter and in interim periods if certain events occur indicating that the carrying amounts may be impaired. If a qualitative assessment is used and the Company determines that the fair value of a reporting unit or indefinite-lived intangible asset is more likely than not (i.e., a likelihood of more than 50%) less than its carrying amount, a quantitative impairment test will be performed. If goodwill is quantitatively assessed for impairment, a two-step approach is applied.
In the first step, the Company compares the fair value of the reporting unit, generally defined as the same level as or one level below an operating segment, to its carrying value. If the fair value of the reporting unit exceeds the carrying value of the net assets assigned to that unit, goodwill is considered not impaired and the Company is not required to perform further testing. If the carrying value of the net assets assigned to the reporting unit exceeds the fair value of the reporting unit, then the second step of the impairment test must be performed in order to determine the implied fair value of the reporting unit's goodwill. If the carrying value of a reporting unit's goodwill exceeds its implied fair value, then an impairment loss equal to the difference would be recorded.
There were no impairments during either fiscal 2020 or 2019.
The fair value of the Company's reporting unit is determined by using a discounted cash flow analysis. The determination of fair value requires assumptions and estimates of many critical factors, including among others, the nature and history of the Company, financial and economic conditions affecting the Company, the industry and the general economy, past results, current operations and future prospects, sales of similar businesses or capital stock of publicly held similar businesses, as well as prices, terms and conditions affecting past sales of similar businesses. Forecasts of future operations are based, in part, on operating results and management's expectations as to future market conditions. These types of analyses contain uncertainties because they require management to make assumptions and to apply judgments to estimate industry economic factors and the profitability of future business strategies. However, if actual results are not consistent with the Company's estimates and assumptions, there may be exposure to future impairment losses that could be material.
PATENTS AND LICENSES
Patents and licenses are recorded at cost and amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated remaining life of the patent or license. Ongoing maintenance costs are expensed as incurred.
Intangible assets with finite useful lives, including a vendor relationship, and patents and trade names, are being amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated lives. Other intangible assets with finite useful lives are reviewed for impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the asset might not be recovered.
If the estimates of the useful lives should change, the Company will amortize the remaining book value over the remaining useful life, or it is deemed to be impaired a write-down of the value of the asset may be required at such time.
There were no impairments during either fiscal 2020 or 2019.
DEFERRED FINANCING COSTS
The Company's financing costs are capitalized and amortized over the life of the related financing. The financing costs are treated as debt discounts with the exception of revolving lines of credit. Previously acquired debt discounts were amortized over the life of the loans as interest expense. The debt discounts were fully amortized in fiscal 2019. In 2019, the Company paid $292,095 in connection with the renegotiated terms of its line of credit. The Company amortized to interest expense $73,024 in 2020 and $121,173 in 2019 of financing costs.
IMPAIRMENT OF LONG-LIVED ASSETS
The Company's long-lived assets consist of property and equipment, which includes leasehold improvements, and other intangible assets. Long-lived assets are reviewed for potential impairment at such time that events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset might not be recovered. The Company evaluates property and equipment for impairment at the individual showroom level, which is the lowest level at which individual cash flows can be identified. When evaluating long-lived assets for potential impairment, the Company will first compare the carrying amount of the assets to the future undiscounted cash flows for the respective long-lived asset. If the estimated future cash flows are less than the carrying amounts of the assets, an impairment loss calculation is prepared. An impairment loss is measured based upon the excess of the carrying value of the asset over its estimated fair value which is generally based on an estimated future discounted cash flow. If required, an impairment loss is recorded for that portion of the asset's carrying value in excess of fair value.
There were no impairments of long-lived assets during fiscal 2020 or 2019.
ADVERTISING AND CATALOG COSTS
The Company capitalizes direct response advertising costs, which consist primarily of catalog production and mailing costs, and recognizes expense over the related revenue stream if the following conditions are met (1) the primary purpose of the advertising is to elicit sales to customers who could be shown to have responded specifically to the advertising, and (2) the direct-response advertising results in probable and estimable future benefits.
For fiscal years 2020 and 2019 the Company did not have any capitalized deferred direct-response television, postcard and catalogue costs.
Direct-response advertising costs, which are included in prepaid expenses and other current assets, are amortized commencing the date the catalogs and post cards are mailed and the television commercial airs through the estimated period of time for the Company has determined the related advertising impacts sales. There was no balance as of February 2, 2020 or February 3, 2019.
Advertising costs not associated with direct-response advertising are expensed as incurred and were $29,194,289 in 2020 and $18,363,491 in 2019.
SHOWROOM PREOPENING AND CLOSING COSTS
Non-capital expenditures incurred in preparation for opening new retail showrooms are expensed as incurred and included in selling, general and administrative expenses.
The Company continually evaluates the profitability of its showrooms. When the Company closes or relocates a showroom, the Company incurs unrecoverable costs, including the net book value of abandoned fixtures and leasehold improvements, lease termination payments, costs to transfer inventory and usable fixtures and other costs of vacating the leased location. Such costs are expensed as incurred and are included in selling, general and administrative expenses.
Depending on the type of merchandise, the Company offers either a three year limited warranty or a lifetime warranty. The Company's warranties require it to repair or replace defective products at no cost to the customer. At the time product revenue is recognized, the Company reserves for estimated future costs that may be incurred under its warranties based on historical experience. The Company periodically reviews the adequacy of its recorded warranty liability. Product warranty expense was approximately $933,000 in fiscal 2020 and $414,000 in fiscal 2019. Warranty reserve was $1,180,000 in fiscal 2020 and $212,000 in fiscal 2019.
Minimum operating lease expenses are recognized on a straight-line basis over the terms of the leases. Tenant allowances are recorded as a receivable when lease is executed. The corresponding liability is recorded and amortized over the term of the lease. The amortization of the liability is a reduction of rent expense over the term of the lease.
Our operating leases contain provisions for certain incentives. Incentives are deferred and are amortized over the underlying lease term on a straight-line basis as a reduction to rent expense. When the terms or the Company's leases provide for free rent, concessions and/or escalations, the Company establishes a deferred rent liability or asset for the difference of the scheduled rent payments and a straight line rent expense. This liability or asset increases or decreases depending on where the Company is at any given time in the life of the lease. Percentage rent is not subject to straight-line of expense and is expensed as incurred.
FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
The carrying amount of the Company's financial instruments classified as current assets and current liabilities approximate fair values based on the short term nature of the accounts.
EQUITY BASED COMPENSATION
The Company's 2017 Equity Incentive Plan provides for awards in the form of options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock awards, restricted stock, performance shares, cash-based awards and other stock-based awards. The plan allows for the issuance of up to 1,414,889 shares at February 2, 2020 and 615,066 at February 3, 2019. All awards shall be granted within 10 years from the effective date of the plan. The unit vesting was based on both time and performance. See Note 7 for additional disclosure.
SHIPPING AND HANDLING
Shipping and handling charges billed to customers are included in revenue. Shipping and handling costs incurred are included in cost of merchandise sold. Shipping and handling costs were $47,148,918 in fiscal 2020 and $25,132,736 in fiscal 2019.
The Company accounts for uncertainty in income taxes using a two-step approach to recognize and measure uncertain tax positions. The first step is to evaluate the tax position for recognition by determining if the weight of available evidence indicates that it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained on audit, including resolution of related appeals or litigation processes, if any. The second step is to measure the tax benefit as the largest amount that is more than 50% likely of being realized upon settlement. The Company classifies the liability for unrecognized tax benefits as current to the extent that the Company anticipates payment (or receipt) of cash within one year. Interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions are recognized in the provision for income taxes.
In connection with the 2017 reorganization, the intent was that the net operating losses (NOLs) of SAC Acquisition, LLC, a limited liability company that had been historically treated as a C-corporation for federal and state income tax purposes, were to be inherited by the Company. The Company filed a request for a private letter ruling requesting additional time to make a check the box election pursuant to Treas. Reg. 301.7701-3. In PLR-109713-19 dated October 22, 2019 the Company was granted an extension of time of 120 days to file form 8832 "Entity Classification Election." The completed Form 8832 was filed with The IRS on November 11, 2019. The Company has maintained the position that the NOLs were inherited from SAC Acquisition in the 2017 reorganization and consistently maintained a full valuation allowance against its NOLs as they were part of deferred income tax assets not likely to be realized. Accordingly, the resolution of the uncertain tax position regarding the Company's NOL carry forward during the year did not have an impact on the Company's financial position or results of operations. As of February 3, 2019 there are NOLs of approximately $10.8 million identified as an uncertain tax position. As of February 2, 2020, there were no uncertain tax positions. See Note 5 for additional disclosures.
Deferred income taxes are provided on temporary differences between the income tax bases of assets and liabilities and the amounts reported in the financial statements and on net operating loss and tax credit carry forwards.
A valuation allowance is provided for that portion of deferred income tax assets not likely to be realized. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are adjusted for the effects of changes in tax laws and rates on the date of enactment.
BASIC AND DILUTED NET LOSS PER SHARE
Basic net loss per common share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. As a result of the Company's net loss for both years presented, potentially dilutive securities were excluded from the computation of diluted loss per share, as their effect would be anti-dilutive. Potentially dilutive securities include unvested restricted stock units in the amounts of 183,053 and 377,286 for fiscal 2020 and 2019, respectively, common stock warrants outstanding of 1,039,120 and 1,067,475 for fiscal 2020 and 2019, respectively and stock options of 495,366 for fiscal 2020. For fiscal 2020, the warrants and the options have an exercise price that exceeds the market price.
Basic and diluted net loss per common share is computed as follows:
NEW ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
Except as described below, the Company has considered all other recently issued accounting pronouncements and does not believe the adoption of such pronouncements will have a material impact on its financial statements. The Company, as an emerging growth company, has elected to use the extended transition period for complying with new or revised financial accounting standards.
The following new accounting pronouncements were adopted in fiscal 2020:
In August 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standard Update ("ASU") No. 2015-14, which defers the effective date of ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) by one year. ASU 2014-09 is a comprehensive new revenue recognition model requiring a company to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to a customer at an amount reflecting the consideration it expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. As a result, ASU 2015-14 is now effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2018, which for the Company is fiscal 2020. The Company reviewed substantially all of its contracts and other revenue streams and determined that while the application of the new standard did not have a material change in the amount of or timing for recognizing revenue, it did have a significant impact on our financial statement disclosures which are further discussed in Note 1 - Revenue Recognition.
In August 2016, FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows: Clarification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments, which eliminates the diversity in practice related to classification of certain cash receipts and payments in the statement of cash flows, by adding or clarifying guidance on eight specific cash flow issues. ASU 2016-15 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. The Company adopted the guidance retrospectively effective February 4, 2019, which did not have a material effect on the Company's condensed consolidated financial position and results of operations.
The following new accounting pronouncements, and related impacts on adoption are being evaluated by the Company:
In February 2016, FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) amending lease guidance to increase transparency and comparability among organizations by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements. ASU No. 2019-10 extended the effective date to fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, with early adoption permitted. The Company will adopt this standard beginning with our fiscal 2022. Management has evaluated the impact ASU No. 2016-02 will have on these condensed consolidated financial statements. Based on the initial evaluation, the Company has determined that adopting this standard will have a material impact on our condensed consolidated balance sheet as the Company has a significant number of operating leases.
In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07, Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting (Topic 718). ASU 2018-07 eliminates the separate accounting model for nonemployee share-based payment awards and generally requires companies to account for share-based payment transactions with nonemployees in the same way as share-based payment transactions with employees. The accounting remains different for attribution, which represents how the equity-based payment cost is recognized over the vesting period, and a contractual term election for valuing nonemployee equity share options. ASU 2018-07 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. Early adoption is permitted, but no earlier than an entity's adoption of Topic 606. Management is currently evaluating the impact ASU 2018-07 will have on these condensed consolidated financial statements.