Basis of Presentation, Operations and Liquidity, and Significant Accounting Policies
|12 Months Ended|
Jan. 30, 2022
|Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]|
|BASIS OF PRESENTATION, OPERATIONS AND LIQUIDITY, AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||BASIS OF PRESENTATION, OPERATIONS AND LIQUIDITY, AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
The consolidated financial statements of The Lovesac Company (the “Company”, “we”, “us” or “our”) as of January 30, 2022 and January 31, 2021 and for the years ended January 30, 2022, January 31, 2021 and February 2, 2020 have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“US GAAP”) and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Certain amounts in the prior period financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the current presentation.
NATURE OF OPERATIONS
The Company is a technology driven company that designs, manufactures and sells unique, high quality furniture derived through its proprietary Designed for Life approach which results in products that are built to last a lifetime and designed to evolve as our customers’ lives do. The Company markets and sells its products through modern and efficient showrooms and, increasingly, through online sales directly at www.lovesac.com, supported by direct-to-consumer touch-feel points in the form of our own showrooms, which include our newly created mobile concierge and kiosks, as well as through shop-in-shops and online pop-up-shops with third party retailers. As of January 30, 2022, the Company operated 146 showrooms including kiosks and mobile concierges located throughout the United States. The Company was formed as a Delaware corporation on January 3, 2017, in connection with a corporate reorganization with SAC Acquisition LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“SAC LLC”), the predecessor entity to the Company.
In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of COVID-19 as a global pandemic and, in the following weeks, the U.S. federal, state and local governments issued lockdown orders and related safety measures impacting the operations of our showrooms and consumer demand. Although there has been improvement in conditions, there continues to be uncertainty around the scope and severity of the pandemic, its impact on the global economy, including supply chains, and other business disruptions that may impact our operating results and financial condition. We continue to follow the guidance issued by federal, state and local governments and health organizations and have taken measures to protect the safety of our associates and customers.
OPERATIONS AND LIQUIDITY
Prior to fiscal 2022 and fiscal 2021, the Company had incurred significant operating losses and used cash in its operating activities from inception through fiscal 2020. Operating losses resulted from inadequate sales levels for the cost structure and expenses as a result of impact of tariffs on inventory, expanding into new markets, opening new showrooms, and investments into advertising, marketing and infrastructure to support increases in revenues. The Company plans to continue to open new retail showrooms in larger markets and increase its shop-in-shop relationships to increase sales levels, invest in advertising and marketing initiatives to increase brand awareness, and invest in infrastructure to support growth of the Company. There can be no assurance that anticipated sales levels will be achieved. The Company believes that based on its current sales and expense levels, cash generated from operating activities during fiscal 2022 and fiscal 2021, projections for the next twelve months, and the credit facility with Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. ("Wells"), see Note 10, the Company will have sufficient working capital to cover operating cash needs through the twelve-month period from the financial statement issuance date.
SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
PRINCIPLES OF CONSOLIDATION
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiary. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
The Company’s fiscal year is determined on a 52/53 week basis ending on the Sunday closest to February 1. Hereinafter, the fiscal years ended January 30, 2022, January 31, 2021 and February 2, 2020 are referred to as fiscal 2022, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Fiscal 2022, 2021 and 2020 were 52-week fiscal years.
USE OF ESTIMATES
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Estimates and assumptions are reviewed periodically and the effects of the revisions are reflected in the period the change is determined.
The Company implemented Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2015-04, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Accounting Standards Codification Topic 606, “ASC 606”), in the first quarter of fiscal 2020 using modified retrospective method, which required the Company to apply the new guidance retrospectively to revenue transactions completed on or after the effective date. Adopting this new standard had no material financial impact on our consolidated financial statements but did result in enhanced presentation and disclosures.
Our revenue consists substantially of product sales. The Company reports product sales net of discounts and recognize them at the point in time when control transfers to the customer, which occurs when shipment is confirmed.
Estimated refunds for returns and allowances are recorded using our historical return patterns, adjusting for any changes in returns policies. The Company records estimated refunds for net sales returns on a monthly basis as a reduction of net sales and cost of sales on the statement of operations and an increase in inventory and customers returns liability on the balance sheet. As of January 30, 2022, there was a returns allowance of $2.0 million which was in accrued expenses and $0.4 million associated with sales returns in merchandise inventories. As of January 31, 2021, there was a returns allowance of $2.2 million which was in accrued expenses and $0.3 million associated with sales returns in merchandise inventories.
In some cases, deposits are received before the Company transfers control, resulting in contract liabilities. These contract liabilities are reported as deposits on the Company’s balance sheet. As of January 30, 2022 and January 31, 2021, the Company recorded under customer deposit liabilities the amount of $13.3 million and $6.0 million, respectively. During the fiscal year ended January 30, 2022, the Company recognized $6.0 million related to its customer deposits from fiscal 2021. During the fiscal year ended January 31, 2021, the Company recognized $1.7 million from fiscal 2020. During the fiscal year ended February 2, 2020, the Company recognized $1.1 million from fiscal 2019.
Under ASC 606, the Company has elected the following accounting policies and practical expedients:
The Company recognizes shipping and handling expense as fulfillment activities (rather than as a promised good or service) when the activities are performed. Accordingly, the Company records the expenses for shipping and handling activities at the same time the Company recognizes revenue.
The Company excludes from the measurement of the transaction price all taxes imposed on and concurrent with a specific revenue-producing transaction and collected by the entity from a customer, including sales, use, excise, value-added, and franchise taxes (collectively referred to as sales taxes).
The Company does not adjust revenue for the effects of any financing components if the contract has a duration of one year or less, as the Company receives payment from the customer within one year from when it transferred control of the related goods.
The Company offers its products through showrooms and through the Internet. The other channel predominantly represents sales through the use of online and in store pop-up shops, shop-in-shops, and barter inventory transactions. In store pop-up-shops are staffed with associates trained to demonstrate and sell our product. The following represents sales disaggregated by channel:
The Company has no foreign operations and its sales to foreign countries was less than .01% of total net sales in fiscal 2022, 2021, and 2020.
The Company had no customers in fiscal 2022, 2021, or 2020 that comprise more than 10% of total net sales.
See Note 11 for sales disaggregated by product.
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
The Company considers all highly liquid investments with a maturity at purchase of three months or less to be cash equivalents.
The Company has deposits with financial institutions that maintain Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation “FDIC” deposit insurance up to $250,000 per depositor. The portion of the deposit in excess of this limit represents a credit risk to the Company. Due to the high cash balance maintained by the Company, the Company does maintain depository balances in excess of the insured amounts.
TRADE ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE
Trade accounts receivable are carried at their estimated realizable amount and do not bear interest. Management determines the allowance for doubtful accounts by regularly evaluating individual customer accounts, considering the customer’s financial condition, and credit history, and general and industry current economic conditions. Trade accounts receivable are reserved for when deemed uncollectible. Recoveries of amounts previously written off are recorded when received. Historically, collection losses have been immaterial as a significant portion of the Company’s receivables are related to individual credit card transactions and three wholesale customers for which the Company has no history of collection losses. Management has concluded that an allowance was not necessary at January 30, 2022 and January 31, 2021, respectively.
Breakdown of accounts receivable is as follows:
The Company had two wholesale customers that comprised 100% and 97% of wholesale receivables at January 30, 2022 and January 31, 2021, respectively.
PREPAID EXPENSES AND OTHER CURRENT ASSETS
The Company recognizes payments made for goods and services to be received in the near future as prepaid expenses and other current assets. Prepaid expenses and other current assets consist primarily of payments related to insurance premiums, catalog costs, barter credits, deposits, prepaid rent, prepaid inventory, and other costs.
Merchandise inventories are comprised of finished goods which are carried at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost is determined on a weighted-average method basis. Merchandise inventories consist primarily of foam filled furniture, sectional couches, and related accessories. The Company adjusts its inventory for obsolescence based on historical trends, aging reports, specific identification and its estimates of future retail sales prices. In addition, the Company includes capitalized freight and warehousing costs in inventory relative to the finished goods in inventory.
GIFT CERTIFICATES AND MERCHANDISE CREDITS
The Company sells gift certificates and issues merchandise credits to its customers in the showrooms and through its website. Revenue associated with gift certificates and merchandise credits is deferred until redemption of the gift certificate and merchandise credits. The Company did not recognize any breakage revenue in fiscal 2022, fiscal 2021 or fiscal 2020 as the Company continues to honor all outstanding gift certificates.
PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, NET
Property and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and amortization. Office and showroom furniture and equipment, software and vehicles are depreciated using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives. Leasehold improvements are amortized using the straight-line method over their expected useful lives or lease term, whichever is shorter.
Expenditures for repairs and maintenance are charged to expense as incurred. For assets sold or otherwise disposed of, the cost and related accumulated depreciation or amortization is removed from the accounts, and any resulting gain or loss is reflected in operations for the period. Expenditures for major betterments that extend the useful lives of property and equipment are capitalized.
Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the identified net assets of each business acquired. Goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets are tested annually for impairment in the fourth fiscal quarter and in interim periods if certain events occur indicating that the carrying amounts may be impaired. If a qualitative assessment is used and the Company determines that the fair value of a reporting unit or indefinite-lived intangible asset is more likely than not (i.e., a likelihood of more than 50%) less than its carrying amount, a quantitative impairment test will be performed. If goodwill is quantitatively assessed for impairment, a two-step approach is applied.
In the first step, the Company compares the fair value of the reporting unit, generally defined as the same level as or one level below an operating segment, to its carrying value. If the fair value of the reporting unit exceeds the carrying value of the net assets assigned to that unit, goodwill is considered not impaired and the Company is not required to perform further testing. If the carrying value of the net assets assigned to the reporting unit exceeds the fair value of the reporting unit, then the second step of the impairment test must be performed in order to determine the implied fair value of the reporting unit’s goodwill. If the carrying value of a reporting unit’s goodwill exceeds its implied fair value, then an impairment loss equal to the difference would be recorded.
There were no impairments during fiscal 2022, 2021, or 2020.
The fair value of the Company’s reporting unit is determined by using a discounted cash flow analysis. The determination of fair value requires assumptions and estimates of many critical factors, including among others, the nature and history of the Company, financial and economic conditions affecting the Company, the industry and the general economy, past results, current operations and future prospects, sales of similar businesses or capital stock of publicly held similar businesses, as well as prices, terms and conditions affecting past sales of similar businesses. Forecasts of future operations are based, in part, on operating results and management’s expectations as to future market conditions. These types of analyses contain uncertainties because they require management to make assumptions and to apply judgments to estimate industry economic factors and the profitability of future business strategies. However, if actual results are not consistent with the Company’s estimates and assumptions, there may be exposure to future impairment losses that could be material.
Intangible assets with finite useful lives, including patents, trademarks, and other intangible assets are being amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated lives. Other intangible assets with finite useful lives are reviewed for impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the asset might not be recovered.
Patents and licenses are recorded at cost and amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated remaining life of the patent or license. Ongoing maintenance costs are expensed as incurred.
If the estimates of the useful lives should change, the Company will amortize the remaining book value over the remaining useful life, or if it is deemed to be impaired a write-down of the value of the asset may be required at such time.
There were no impairments during either fiscal 2022, 2021, or 2020.
IMPAIRMENT OF LONG-LIVED ASSETS
The Company’s long-lived assets consist of property and equipment and right of use assets from leases. Property and equipment includes leasehold improvements, and other intangible assets. Long-lived assets are reviewed for potential impairment at such time that events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset might not be recovered. The Company evaluates for impairment at the individual showroom level, which is the lowest level at which individual cash flows can be identified. When evaluating long-lived assets for potential impairment, the Company will first compare the carrying amount of the assets to the future undiscounted cash flows for the respective long-lived asset. If the estimated future cash flows are less than the carrying amounts of the assets, an impairment loss calculation is prepared. An impairment loss is measured based upon the excess of the carrying value of the asset over its estimated fair value which is generally based on an estimated future discounted cash flow. If required, an impairment loss is recorded for that portion of the asset’s carrying value in excess of fair value.
In fiscal 2022, the Company recognized impairment charges totaling $0.6 million associated with showroom-level right of use lease assets. During fiscal 2021, the Company recorded impairment charges of $0.2 million, associated with the assets of an underperforming retail location. During fiscal 2020 there were no impairment charges. The impairments in fiscal 2022 and fiscal were 2021 calculated using a discounted cash flow model and were recorded in selling, general and administrative in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations.
SELLING, GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES
Selling, general and administrative expenses include all operating costs, other than advertising and marketing expense, not included in cost of merchandise sold. These expenses include all payroll and payroll-related expenses; showroom expenses, including occupancy costs related to showroom operations, such as rent and common area maintenance; occupancy and expenses related to many of our operations at our headquarters, including utilities, equity based compensation, financing related expenses and public company expenses; and credit card transaction fees. Selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of net sales is usually higher in lower volume quarters and lower in higher volume quarters because a significant portion of the costs are relatively fixed.
ADVERTISING AND CATALOG COSTS
The Company capitalizes direct response advertising costs, which consist primarily of television advertising, postcards, catalogs and their mailing costs, and recognizes expense over the related revenue stream if the following conditions are met (1) the primary purpose of the advertising is to elicit sales to customers who could be shown to have responded specifically to the advertising, and (2) the direct-response advertising results in probable and estimable future benefits.
Direct-response advertising costs, which are included in prepaid expenses and other current assets, are amortized commencing the date the catalogs and post cards are mailed and the television commercial airs through the estimated period of time for the Company has determined the related advertising impacts sales. There was no balance as of January 30, 2022 and January 31, 2021.
As of January 30, 2022 and January 31, 2021 the Company did not have any capitalized deferred direct-response television, postcard and catalog costs.
Advertising costs not associated with direct-response advertising are expensed as incurred and were $65.1 million in fiscal 2022, $41.9 million in fiscal 2021, and $29.2 million in fiscal 2020.
SHOWROOM PREOPENING AND CLOSING COSTS
Non-capital expenditures incurred in preparation for opening new retail showrooms are expensed as incurred and included in selling, general and administrative expenses.
The Company continually evaluates the profitability of its showrooms. When the Company closes or relocates a showroom, the Company incurs unrecoverable costs, including the net book value of abandoned fixtures and leasehold improvements, lease termination payments, costs to transfer inventory and usable fixtures and other costs of vacating the leased location. Such costs are expensed as incurred and are included in selling, general and administrative expenses.
Depending on the type of merchandise, the Company offers either a three-year limited warranty or a lifetime warranty. The Company’s warranties require it to repair or replace defective products at no cost to the customer. At the time product revenue is recognized, the Company reserves for estimated future costs that may be incurred under its warranties based on historical experience. The Company periodically reviews the adequacy of its recorded warranty liability. Product warranty expense, without any reserve adjustments, was approximately $0.5 million in fiscal 2022, $0.7 million in fiscal 2021, and $0.9 million in fiscal 2020. The decreases in fiscal 2022 and fiscal 2021 are related to fewer number of warranty claims. Warranty reserve was $0.7 million as of January 30, 2022 and $0.6 million as of January 31, 2021.
During Fiscal 2022, the Company adopted ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), see NEW ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS section of Note 1.
The Company determines if a long-term contractual obligation is a lease at inception. The majority of our operating leases relate to company showrooms. We also lease our corporate facilities. These operating leases expire at various dates through fiscal 2032. Showroom leases may include options that allow us to extend the lease term beyond the initial base period, subject to terms agreed upon at lease inception. Some leases also include early termination options, which can be exercised under specific conditions. Our lease agreements do not contain any material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants.
The Company records lease liabilities at the present value of the lease payments not yet paid, discounted at the rate of interest that the Company would have to pay to borrow on a collateralized basis over a similar term. As the Company's leases do not provide an implicit interest rate, the Company uses an incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at commencement date in determining the present value of lease payments.
We recognize operating lease cost over the estimated term of the lease, which includes options to extend lease terms that are reasonably certain of being exercised, starting when possession of the property is taken from the landlord, which normally includes a construction period prior to the showroom opening. When a lease contains a predetermined fixed escalation of the fixed rent, we recognize the related operating lease cost on a straight-line basis over the lease term. In addition, certain of our lease agreements include variable lease payments, such as payments based on a percentage of sales that are in excess of a predetermined level and/or increases based on a change in the consumer price index or fair market value. These variable lease payments are excluded from minimum lease payments and are included in the determination of net lease cost when it is probable that the expense has been incurred and the amount can be reasonably estimated. If an operating lease asset is impaired, the remaining operating lease asset will be amortized on a straight-line basis over the remaining lease term.
See Note 7 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for related disclosures.
FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
The carrying amount of the Company’s financial instruments classified as current assets and current liabilities approximate fair values based on the short-term nature of the accounts.
The Company’s 2017 Equity Plan provides for awards in the form of options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock awards, restricted stock units, performance shares, cash-based awards and other stock-based awards. The plan allows for the issuance of up to 2,104,889 shares at January 30, 2022 and January 31, 2021. All awards shall be granted within 10 years from the effective date of the plan. The unit vesting was based on both time and performance. See Note 8 for additional disclosure.
SHIPPING AND HANDLING
Shipping and handling charges billed to customers are included in revenue. Shipping and handling costs incurred are included in cost of merchandise sold and include inbound freight and tariff costs relative to inventory sold, warehousing, and last mile shipping to our customers. Shipping and handling costs were $112.8 million in fiscal 2022, $63.1 million in fiscal 2021, and $47.1 million in fiscal 2020.
The Company accounts for uncertainty in income taxes using a two-step approach to recognize and measure uncertain tax positions. The first step is to evaluate the tax position for recognition by determining if the weight of available evidence indicates that it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained on audit, including resolution of related appeals or litigation processes, if any. The second step is to measure the tax benefit as the largest amount that is more than 50% likely of being realized upon settlement. The Company classifies the liability for unrecognized tax benefits as current to the extent that the Company anticipates payment (or receipt) of cash within one year. Interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions are recognized in the provision for income taxes.
In connection with the 2017 reorganization, the intent was that the net operating losses (NOLs) of SAC Acquisition, LLC, a limited liability company that had been historically treated as a C-corporation for federal and state income tax purposes, were to be inherited by the Company. The Company filed a request for a private letter ruling requesting additional time to make a check the box election pursuant to Treas. Reg. 301.7701-3. In PLR-109713-19 dated October 22, 2019 the Company was granted an extension of time of 120 days to file form 8832 “Entity Classification Election.” The completed Form 8832 was filed with The IRS on November 11, 2019. The Company has maintained the position that the NOLs were inherited from SAC Acquisition in the 2017 reorganization and consistently maintained a full valuation allowance against its NOLs as they were part of deferred income tax assets not likely to be realized prior to fiscal 2022. During fiscal 2022, the Company recorded a deferred tax asset of $9.8 million. Previous to fiscal 2022, the resolution of the uncertain tax position regarding the Company’s NOL carry forward during the year did not have an impact on the Company’s financial position or results of operations. As of January 30, 2022, there were no uncertain tax positions. See Note 6 for additional disclosures.
Deferred income taxes are provided on temporary differences between the income tax basis of assets and liabilities and the amounts reported in the financial statements and on net operating loss and tax credit carry forwards.
A valuation allowance is provided for that portion of deferred income tax assets not likely to be realized. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are adjusted for the effects of changes in tax laws and rates on the date of enactment.
BASIC AND DILUTED NET INCOME (LOSS) PER COMMON SHARE
Basic net income (loss) per common share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net income (loss) per common share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding and common stock equivalents outstanding during the period. Diluted net income (loss) per common share includes, in periods in which they are dilutive, the effect of those potentially dilutive securities where the average market price of the common stock exceeds the exercise prices for the respective periods. In fiscal 2022, the effects of 533,333 unvested restricted stock units, 495,366 stock options, and 281,750 common stock warrants were included in the diluted share calculation.
In fiscal 2021, the effects of 655,558 unvested restricted stock units and 293,973 common stock warrants were included in the diluted share calculation. The effects of 495,366 stock options were excluded in the diluted net income per common share calculation because the effects of including theses potentially dilutive shares was antidilutive.
In fiscal 2020, there were 1,717,539 of potentially dilutive shares which may be issued in the future, including 183,053 unvested restricted stock units, 495,366 stock options, and 1,039,120 common stock warrants. These shares were excluded in the diluted net loss per common share calculation as the effects of including theses potentially dilutive shares was antidilutive.
NEW ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
Except as described below, the Company has considered all other recently issued accounting pronouncements and does not believe the adoption of such pronouncements will have a material impact on its financial statements.
The following new accounting pronouncements were adopted in fiscal 2022:
In February 2016, FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) ("ASC 842") amending lease guidance to increase transparency and comparability among organizations by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements. ASU No. 2020-05 extended the effective date to fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted the guidance in fiscal 2022 and there was not a material effect on the Company’s consolidated results of operations.
Adoption of this standard resulted in the recognition of operating lease right-to-use (“ROU”) assets and corresponding lease liabilities of approximately $90 million and $97 million, respectively, and reclassification of deferred rent of $6.7 million as a reduction of the right-of-use assets on the consolidated balance sheet as of February 1, 2021. The new standard also provides practical expedients for an entity’s ongoing accounting. The Company elected the short-term lease recognition exemption for all leases that qualify. This means, for those leases that qualify, The Company will not recognize ROU assets or lease liabilities, and this includes not recognizing ROU assets or lease liabilities for existing short-term leases of those assets in transition. The Company also elected the practical expedient to not separate lease and non-lease components for all of our leases.In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07, Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting (Topic 718). ASU 2018-07 eliminates the separate accounting model for nonemployee share-based payment awards and generally requires companies to account for share-based payment transactions with nonemployees in the same way as share-based payment transactions with employees. The accounting remains different for attribution, which represents how the equity-based payment cost is recognized over the vesting period, and a contractual term election for valuing nonemployee equity share options. ASU 2018-07 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. The Company adopted the guidance in fiscal 2022 and there was not a material effect on the Company’s consolidated results of operations.
The entire disclosure for the organization, consolidation and basis of presentation of financial statements disclosure, and significant accounting policies of the reporting entity. May be provided in more than one note to the financial statements, as long as users are provided with an understanding of (1) the significant judgments and assumptions made by an enterprise in determining whether it must consolidate a VIE and/or disclose information about its involvement with a VIE, (2) the nature of restrictions on a consolidated VIE's assets reported by an enterprise in its statement of financial position, including the carrying amounts of such assets, (3) the nature of, and changes in, the risks associated with an enterprise's involvement with the VIE, and (4) how an enterprise's involvement with the VIE affects the enterprise's financial position, financial performance, and cash flows. Describes procedure if disclosures are provided in more than one note to the financial statements.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef